"How much time do we have? It may already be too late"
The catastrophist power behind many thrones
Foundation for Deep
Foundation for Ecology
El Bosque Pumalin Foundation (renamed Conservation Land Trust)
Fundacion Educacion, Ciencia
y Ecologia (Chile)
Patagonia Land Trust (Kristine Tompkins)
upstate New York.
1960: visited Chile as a ski bum.
in California as a tree
topper and mountain
guide. November 1962: married Susie Russell,
who in July had picked him up in her VW Bug as a hitchhiker at Emerald
Bay, Lake Tahoe.
borrowed $5,000 to start The North Face in
Berkeley, selling outdoor and climbing gear.
1968: sold The North Face for $50,000,
started Plain Jane dress line with wife Susie,
developed into clothing company, Esprit de Corp.
Mid-eighties: Esprit's sales worldwide topped
$1 billion. Tompkins increasingly took nature-breaks
with his long-time climbing partner and
fellow outdoor-clothing magnate Yvon Chouinard, the founder of
Patagonia, Inc. Became an
adherent of the deep ecology philosophy of Arne Naess and others.
marriage fell apart.
Tompkins and several rich friends bought about 1,000 acres of
araucaria forest in Chile's Lake District.
1989: Tompkins incorporated the Ira-Hiti Foundation (Ira-Hiti is a
Native American word), which gained exemption as the Foundation for Deep
Ecology in April 1991.
1990: Tompkins sold his share of
Esprit to a partnership that included his wife for more than $150 million,
of which he gave $15 million to FFDE. Tompkins
brings Esprit Chief Financial Officer Debra B. Ryker to FFDE.
1991: IRS granted exempt status to Foundation for Deep Ecology in April
and to El Bosque Pumalin Foundation in September. El Bosque Pumalin
(Spanish for "the Puma Forest") was chartered to buy land in Chile and
Argentina, the beginning of plans to amass a vast land holding and turn
it into a private park, then donate it to Chile's government.
1992: Tompkins created the Foundation for Ecology and Development
with a gift of nearly $17 million. Tompkins moved to a compound on
Re˝ihue Fjord in Chile (about 120 kilometers south of
Puerto Montt) without electricity or telephones, radio communication
only, to live according to his deep ecology beliefs, but with 3
airplanes and a landing strip. Tompkins established a staging base in
Puerto Montt with full modern facilities.
1993: After divorce from Susie, Tompkins married
old friend Kristine McDivitt, who in 1974 had
assisted with the startup of Patagonia, Inc.
with Yvon Chouinard, and for 12 years served as its CEO and general manager.
Kris resigned from Patagonia in 1993 with a
substantial fortune of her own.
1994: Doug and Kris Tompkins endowed the Fundacion Educacion, Ciencia
y Ecologia in Chile to receive their land as "Parque
Pumalin" as a step in donating the park to the government. The Tompkins
duo accumulated over 800,000 acres of land bisecting southern Chile from
the border with Argentina to the Pacific, setting off a storm of protest
from Chilean nationalists and the government, which rejected the national
1997: Chilean government reached an accord
with Tompkins to grant tax exempt status for Parque Pumalin's Fundacion Educacion, Ciencia
y Ecologia and cleared the way to make a national park
of the land.
1998: Name of El Bosque Pumalin Foundation
is changed to Conservation Land Trust.
2000: IRS granted exempt status to
Patagonia Land Trust, endowed by Kris Tompkins with $1.8 million to buy
land in the Patagonia region at the tip of South America for a national
park. Kris Tompkins and Debra Ryker are the sole directors. The Trust
owns more than 100,000 hectares, proposed for a
national park in Argentina.
Jerry Mander: San
Francisco-based anti-technology guru.
East-coast version of Jerry Mander.
Technological civilization is destroying nature
and human life.
Dismantle technological civilization. Simple as that.
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